ABOUT SOORYA NAMASKAARAMSDownload / Print
Surya, or the sun, has not only been a source of light and heat, necessary to sustain life, but also been a source of inspiration to mankind, in literature and religion. The Gayatri Mantra, the first prayer recited by Hindus, describes the sun as the great illuminator of the mind. Hanuman's famous leap to "catch" the sun, imagining it to be a fruit, is the stuff of folklore as well. The Surya Namaskar - literally meaning salutations to the sun - was first taught to Ayodhya prince Sri Rama by sage Agastya, prior to his fight with Ravana.
When Rama, during his 14-year-old exile, wandered to the hermitage of Agastya with wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, the sage became his father-figure and source of guidance. Agastya gifted Rama the bow of Vishnu. Their friendship continued after the battle of Lanka ended, with the sage accompanying Rama to Ayodhya. The sage Agastya to Rama on the battlefield before fighting the demon king Ravana.,. Agastya teaches Aaditya Hrudayam and Soorya Namaskaaraas to Rama, who is fatigued after the long battle with various warriors of Lanka, the procedure of worshiping the Sun God for strength to defeat the enemy. This historic hymn starts at the beginning of the Battle with Ravana, when Lord Rama is fatigued and getting ready to fight. The mystical hymn is dircted to the Sun God, the illustrious lord of all victories.
Sculpture depicting 12 asana's of the Surya Namaskar at Terminal T3 at IGIA Airport, New Delhi, India,
Soorya Namaskaar & Aditya hrudayam , is a energetic Aasanas and powerfull hymn associated with Aditya or the mobile Sun God (Surya) and was recited by After chanting this Hymn three times Sri Rama defeated Ravana.These verses belong to Yuddha Kanda (Book 6) Canto 107 (Yudda Kaanda,the chapter of war) contains 31 slokas in the Ramayana as composed by Agastya and compiled by Valmiki. The first of all epics in the world – written over hundreds of lakhs years ago, And for that matter, Sage Valmiki himself says that the prayer part is older than the epic itself. That must be obviously true, for, Sanskrit language existed in its poetic, prosaic and pristine form much before the penning of the epic.
Soorya = Sun : Namaskaram is Salutation
Aditya = the Sun God;
Hridayam = that which is especially nourishing and healing for the heart.
* The Soorya Namaskaras is total with 12 Aasanaas, where as they represent Dwaadasa Aadityaas.
Nama Suryaya Santaya Sarvaroga Nivarine |
Ayu rarogyam aisvairyam dehi devah jagatpate ||
Oh! Lord Surya, ruler of the universe, you are the remover of all diseases, the repository of peace I bow to you. May you bless your devotees with longevity, health and wealth.
In Vedic times, the relationship between guru and shishya (teacher and student) was quite intimate, almost familial — a very different model than we have today.
ashram until the learning was completed. In the meantime, the student would serve the teacher in many ways: by chopping wood, fetching water, tending to the teacher’s animals and crops, and generally doing whatever was required.
Finally, though the teacher-student relationship was literally priceless, yet when the student completed his studies, he gifted his teacher a leaving fee known as the guru dakshina. This was usually not money but a service rendered. Soemtimes, it was even whatever the teacher chose to ask, as in the unfortunate case of Ekalavya.
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